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10 June 2015 In Admission 0 comment
How to Write a Business School Admission Essay - 5.0 out of 5 based on 1 review

Business School Admission Essay Writing TipsA business school admission essay is a detailed personal statement of an applicant's learning and professional growth. The essay, which is a crucial requirement for any prospective business student, is an opportunity the applicant has to talk to the admission committee directly. As an applicant, you are expected to be personal in this kind of essay.

 Before beginning to write, it is important to give yourself time. It enables you to brainstorm and organize your thoughts. Brainstorming involves going through the guidelines and the essay questions and doing a self-reflection. It enables you to put clear what your strengths and weaknesses are. Going through self-reflection will also give you a clue on what you would want to achieve with a career in business and how the chosen business school might help you reach your goals. It is mostly helpful in getting the essay prompts right.

       Make your introduction simple and sharp: Avoid using an introduction that is dramatic, this puts off your readers, which, in this case, happen to be a group of business scholars. A simple and interesting introduction hooks the readers to your essay to the end. Use short and simple sentences throughout your essay.

Don't be in a hurry:  Start writing the essay early enough to avoid a last-minute rush. It gives you time to read the instructions carefully, write your work and give it to others to read. It is important for any piece of writing, however, meticulous you may be. Give at least three people your essay to read. If possible, get a business scholar or someone who has undergone the same process to help you out. To make your essay even more outstanding, ask a friend to figure out the essay questions.

 Mind Your Language: Make proper use of language to make you come out as a proactive leader who can do a lot. Business schools do not need more admission numbers; they want to train leaders who are able to make an impact. 

Be Unique:  Brag of your uniqueness but be careful not to overdo it. Come out as alert and as an individual of character. Prove how your alertness makes you number one. In convincing the admission committee that you fit the school, clearly communicate reasons why you are the best.

Bring Out Your Talent: If you have a passion for business and enthusiastic about it, bring it out in your essay. Business schools need students who are likely to bring concrete discussions to the classrooms, students who are confident enough to challenge conventions and perceptions.

Be Realistic: Make your essay real by bringing real-life happenings. Do not bring fiction or copy someone else's essay. It is harmful to your chances of getting an admission. The real life happenings helps you to come out as a risk-taker, remember business schools need risk-takers. Bring out your life challenges and how you have overcome them to reach where you are. If you are humorous bring it out, and again, do not overdo it.

      A well-written business school admission essay should, therefore, highlight your growth and experiences in the most truthful way. So next time you are writing your business school admission essay, ensure you take care of the following:

  • Start early to get enough time to organize yourself and go through the interview questions.
  • Use a simple but interesting introduction.
  • Be concise and clear throughout the essay.
  • Proofread and edit your essay.
  • Be realistic in your writing.
  • Come out as unique.
10 June 2015 In Admission 0 comment

Graduate School Essay Writing TipsA graduate school essay is an official document in which a prospective student is expected to give the admission committee details about themselves. In most graduate schools, there is always a big number of such essays. An applicant, therefore, has to be exceptional to catch the attention of the admission committee. They might only take less than five minutes to look at each essay hence the need to be concise and show why you deserve a slot within five minutes.

Focus on your personal experiences. You need to talk about yourself focusing the most relevant details why you should get an admission into the school. It is important, therefore, to write on things that you have done or encountered without exaggerations. This area needs much creativity. Do not give the admission committee difficult time in understanding who you are. Be truthful and reasonable. Be articulate in describing your experiences and what you hope to achieve with your course of choice.

While this kind of essay focuses on you as a prospective student, you should also show the school why it is your choice. Tell the admission committee how studying at their institution could help you accomplish your goals. If you already know any member of a faculty, tell the committee how you follow the faculty's research findings and how you would like to work with the faculty member.

Pay attention to instructions and guidelines. Each school gives its own guidline that should be used. Make sure to follow them to the letter. A graduate school essay is not a one-size-fits-all document. Even if you are applying for a similar program in different graduate schools, tailor each essay to the requirements of a school. Take your time and go through the instructions before commencing the writing process. Take care of small details like length of the essay, a number of words and ensure you follow the formatting guidelines.

Keep your essay clean and clear. One way to show the selection panel that you are the best fit for a slot is by being excellent in spelling, grammar and punctuation usage. Your sentences should be short, simple and clear. You should also choose your words correctly and avoid jargons. Vulgar and texting language are completely unnecessary in this kind of document. If the document is to be submitted in hard-copy, keep it clean devoid of any decorations.

Proofread & Edit: Once you have the first draft, get close friends, family members and if possible, a professional who has handled such essays to read and edit it. Their feedback is very crucial in improving the quality of your essay.

In conclusion, a graduate school admission essay should be given much attention. Take into account the following:

  • Focus on your personal experiences that are relevant.
  • Be concise and creative.
  • Pay attention to the given guidelines.
  • Make your essay clean and avoid the use of jargons and vulgar language.
  • Proofread and edit your essay.

20 December 2014 In Samples 0 comment

Introduction: The Ark of the Covenant

            The Ark of the Covenant was a wooden chest according to the description in Exodus 25:10-22. It was built after the Exodus from Egypt by the Children of Israel right after Moses received the Ten Commandments at Mt. Sinai. The size of the Ark of the Covenant is given in cubits which would be approximately 4 x 2.5 feet. The Ark that we see in movies is too big according to the original size but otherwise it is pretty close. The top of the Ark was covered by a slab that was overlaid in gold and decorated using two cherubim and outstretched wings. The cherub however creates some controversy and no one today is certain, however the consensus of many scholars is that the cherub was probably a winged lion that had a human head.

            The Ark of the Covenant is believed to have housed the tablets that contain the original Ten Commandments. There is however a rumor that it held a rod which is believed to have done miracles and also other magical items. The Ark of the Covenant traveled with the Israelites during there journey in the wilderness. It was carried using two poles that were put through the gold rings on the side of the Ark to carry it. The Ark is not mentioned much after the Israelites had succeeded in conquering the land of Israel, but it is assumed that it was moved a bit city to city. At one point, the Ark was handed over to a family for safe keeping and so it settled down. Ultimately, it is David that brought the Ark to Jerusalem, in 1000 BC.

            In Jerusalem, it was put in the Temple in Jerusalem that was built by King Solomon. Here it stayed in a center room permanently called the Holy of Holies. The High Priest visited the Ark on one day each year thus at most times it was out of sight. The Ark isn’t mentioned again in the bible except in a brief reference during King Josiah’s reign (640 - 609 BC). In 587 BC, Jerusalem was captured by the Babylonians who destroyed the Temple. The Ark disappears from history after the destruction but later the Jews rebuilt the Temple later, however there is no mention of the Ark in the books of Nehemiah and Ezra which covers the rebuilding of the Temple and it is assumed that the Ark wasn't there thus it was not mentioned.

            The Ark was considered a very holy item and very few objects in Judaism are considered this holy. The Bible doesn’t describe magic on the Ark. God used the Ark to communicate with Moses according to (Exodus 25:22) and later similarly for Solomon thus the ark can be described as the footstool of God’s throne according to I Chronicles 28:2. If we follow the journey of the Ark in I Samuel 13, we see the Israelites fighting with the Philistines, and later bringing the Ark to their battle for inspirational purpose. The Philistines however won the battle and thus captured the Ark which is contrary to believe that we get from movies and other works that the Ark fought battles and won them for the Israelites. This time it brought them bad luck as they lost. The philistines however did not benefit from taking the Ark as we see them suffering a lot.

            Their main idol called Dagon kept falling over and they got all sorts of plagues and diseases. This made them return the Ark seven months later back to the Israelites. They said they didn’t want any more. The bible is very clear on these nuisances of disease as it had come from God's anger and not from any magic in the Ark itself. According to II Samuel 6:3-7, we see a bizarre incident as the Ark is being taken back to Jerusalem, Uzzah the son of Abinadab, touches the Ark as it is being moved because it was wobbling and seemed to topple off the cart. Uzzah falls dead on the spot an incident that we can interpret to mean that the Ark was not to be touched by anyone.

   What happens to the Ark.

            We however have many definitions of what the Ark was even outside the bible teaching. For instance, Erich Von Daniken thinks that the stories in the bible tell of visits made by outer space creatures we commonly call aliens. He also claims that the Ark of the Covenant was an electric generator of some kind with rings on the side which took the bibles representation of the poles that were used to create some sort of electromagnet. A microphone on the Ark allowed aliens to communicate with the priests through the Ark which he interprets as the voice of God and that is how Uzzah got electrocuted. This is pretty imaginative according to many bible readers and believers however it is important to explore all possible works and believes that can help define the Ark of the Covenant. His explanation is not convincing as he doesn’t mention in length how the plagues and diseases came to Philistines.

            Looking at what happened to the Ark after the Babylonians took it, we can guess that most likely the melted it down in order to acquire the gold after they had destroyed the Temple. They probably didn’t value the role of the Ark to the Israelites after they had conquered them and gold was probably more valuable to them than the Ark. There are however other opinions. On what happened to the Ark. There is a famous rabbinic legend that was written down at around 100 BC but presumably older which states that when the Babylonians had invaded the Temple, the temple priests hurled the Ark towards the sky and God took it back into Heaven. Many critics and modernists find this very hard to accept literally because given the fact that gravity is more effective in explanation than faith; the legend doesn’t offer much that can be taken in.

            The is another explanation on what happened to the Ark according to the apocryphal book 2 Maccabbees dating 100 BC suggests that the Ark was not thrown upwards but hidden by the priests in order to save it from Babylonians and it is believed to be in a cave somewhere around in the Dead Sea or perhaps where we call the West Bank at Mount Nebo. Some people say the Ark was hidden in a secret cave by the priests under the Temple Mount that was carved out by Solomon or King Josiah at around 640 - 609 BC.

            The explanations however don’t stop there. In 1991, a journalist the name Graham Hancock wrote a book: SIGN AND SEAL that claims the Ark is currently in a small church that is in the desert in Ethiopia. He claims in his book that the Ark was actually stolen by Solomon's son who was an outcast and he carried the Ark to Ethiopia and kept it there secretly through some Judaic cult. It is then believed that the Knights Templar then came along thinking that the Ark was the Holy Grail and converted the Jews to Christianity hence keeping the Ark in a church hidden and unseen even by the faithful.

            In conclusion towards the whereabouts of the Ark, it is important to factor in the English translation effect on the Bible that can lead to confusion since words such as the ark are used for both the Ark of the Covenant and also to describe Noah's Ark. The original text in Hebrew uses different words so it is important to note that there is no linguistic relation between this two “Arks”.

 The Story of Tudor Parfitt and his journey tracking down the Ark of the Covenant

According to the Story of Tudor Parfitt who was a scholar and an adventurer, we see him tracking down the Ark of the Covenant from when it was last seen in action. We see the Ark of the Covenant in action, as it is been dug up by Indiana Jones in Egypt and the ark is napped by Nazis, who is incinerate by the Ark amidst a tempest of terrifying apparitions. However according to Tudor Parfitt, Raiders of the Lost Ark got it wrong and the Ark is in fact not anywhere near Egypt. Tudor claims he has traced the Ark it or the container in which the original Ark had been put to a dusty bottom shelf in a museum in Harare, Zimbabwe.

            The creators of Indiana Jones's clearly understand the Ark to be one of the Bible's holiest objects and also one of the most maddening Mc Guffins. The description of the size and components of the Ark is consistent with other descriptions which is a wooden box 4 ft. x 2 ft. x 2.5 ft, gold-plated carried on poles. The Bible last known location of the Ark is in Solomon's temple, where the Babylonians destroyed. Scholars have been having continuous debates on its current location ever since if it still exists. Most believe it is beneath Jerusalem's Temple Mount which to Muslims is the Noble Sanctuary others say the Ark is in France while others believe it is near a London's Temple station.

            Parfitt who is a professor at London’s prestigious School of Oriental and African Studies in his new book The Lost Ark of the Covenant opens a new dimension on the history of Israel and what happened to the Ark of the Covenant. Although the professor is well respected and has been right before, his Ark fixation brings up great controversy because he claims that after living with a Southern African clan in the 1980s called the Lemba, he claims that the clan were a lost tribe of Israel. This claim however bizarre can validate some claims made on the whereabouts of the covenant as some scholars believe it is somewhere in South Africa. Parfitt has been moked for making these remarks by many including his Colleagues. In 1999 however, a genetic marker was found to be unique to Lemba's priestly only specific to the descendents of Judaism Temple priests. This discovery made global news however it still doesn’t uncover the mystery behind the Ark of the Covenant’s current position.

            Parfitt work on the Ark didn’t stop here. He started wondering on another aspect of the Lemba's credible oral history which was a drum like object called ngoma lungundu. The ngoma, was a near divine that was used to store ritual objects according to the Lemba. It was borne on poles that were inserted into rings which is similar to the Ark of the Covenant description. It was also too holy to be kept in direct contact with the ground or be touched by persons that were not priests. It was also believed to emit some strong powers that killed enemies of the Lemba and occasionally the Lemba. This was gotten from a Lemba elder who also told Parfitt, that this ngoma had come from the temple in Jerusalem and later carried down to the location through Africa.

            This story by Parfitt's estimation may be partly true or false. He is not certain himself and has no sure way of really knowing the validity of this claim. However, there is a theory as to where the lemba people might have eventually have converged with the Israelites hence the exchange. The Lemba myth highlights a city called Senna. In modern day Yemen, in a place where people genetically link to the Lemba people, Parfitt found a town by that same name. It is very possible that the Lemba might have migrated to this place from Jerusalem through a spice route and from Senna, through a nearby port, where they could have launched a long sail downwards to the African coast. Regarding the Ark of the Covenant, before Islam, Arabia has numerous Jewish controlled oases and in 500 AD, this was the period's only Jewish kingdom.

            In many instances, the area might have been home to the exiled Jews that bore a special burden. Parfitt in his work also found out that there were eighth century accounts of the Ark of the Covenant in Arabia by the Jews who had turned to Muslims. He argues that there is a time in this period that the Lemba acted as caretakers of the Ark. Parfitt's final search for the ngoma, which he dropped from sight in the 1940s, landed him into some hostile territories where he was attacked according to his book. The Ark leads have guided him to Ethiopia, Egypt and New Guinea, until one day his last clues led him to a storeroom in a Harare Museum in Zimbabwe. Here he found an old drum with a burnt black bottom hole. The remains of this drum had carrying rings on the corners and also had raised relief of reeds that Parfitt interprets to reflect an Old Testament sign.

            Parfitt strongly thinks that whatever supernatural character the Ark represented, it was almost accurate to the ngoma, which is the closest will ever get to the current location of the Ark if it still exists. The drum element brought about by Parfitt is somewhat the biggest stretch ever since the scripture never straightforwardly describes the Ark this way. He bases his assumptions and findings on the Ark's frequent association to trumpets and also on aspects of Bible passages where King David is seen dancing in the presence of the Ark.

Why the Ark of the Covenant was created and the contents of Ark of the Covenant

            The Ark of the Covenant is well known for its mysterious powers and help to Israelites against the enemies of Israel according to (I Samuel chapters 5 & 6). The Ark of the Covenant resided in the innermost room of the Tabernacle in the temple. Access to the Ark was only on the Day of Atonement and it was restricted to only one person only, the high priest who had to come enter the tabernacle with the blood of a goat to represent a sacrifice on behalf of himself and the people of Israel's sins. Most people associated the Ark with judgment and wrath. It was believed the Day of Judgment was soon coming when God would judge the secrets of the people's hearts according to (Romans 2:16). The Ark had a cover that was known as the Propitiation Cover or Mercy Seat which was where the blood of a goat was sprinkled by the high priest when he visited the Ark on the Day of Atonement. This was to appease God's anger for the sins that had been committed by the people of Israel.

            According to Romans 3:24-25, we read that there is redemption in Jesus Christ, because God sent Him forth as a propitiation, through the faith in His blood. When Christ died, the price was paid and to all those who believe in the Son of God, Jesus Christ and his death for their sins, then there is mercy. In the Ark, God dwelt in form of unapproachable light according to (I Timothy 6:16 and Psalm 104:2). The high priest the only one allowed to visit the Ark had to shield his eyes because according to (Exodus 33:20) it is written that "no man shall see Me and live”. We see this in Moses’ meeting with God in (Exodus 25:21-22 and Leviticus 16:14-15). The Lord’s glory filled the Tabernacle on the day of Atonement and it was reared up and anointed according to (Exodus 40:9,18,34-35), which is exactly two weeks short of an year since the Exodus according to (Exodus 40:2; 12:6,31).


            We can appreciate the numerous findings by many scholars as to the whereabouts of the covenant however none of this works including Parfitts’ can claim the exact position of the Ark or what happened to it. Even from Parfitts’ conclusion which is so far the most detailed, we can’t be certain 100%. Parfitt concludes that a splinter has carbon dated the drum back to the 1350 AD which is too ancient for an African wood artifact at the time. Parfitt is certain that this is the Ark that is referred to in the Lemba tradition and the Lemba legend believes it is the original ngoma that destroyed itself about 400 years ago finally rebuilding itself on its own ruins with the help of a priest to replace the previous Ark. There has to be little doubt concerning the findings of Parfitts as what he found was the last thing on earth that is in direct descent from the Ark.

            According to Shimon Gibson who is a well known biblical archeologist, he admits there is some doubt in Parfitt’s findings. He is described in Parfitt’s work but still in his own opinion agrees with most scholars in his line of work that it is highly unlikely that one can trace the whereabouts of the ark. He says that one has to make tremendous leaps and stresses that whoever has hope of finding the original biblical item which is the Ark will likely reject Parfitt's claims of finding something credible as there is a very high possibility of understudying.

            It is thus impossible to say exactly where the Ark of the Covenant is today or where it was destroyed in history. According to Paul Raffaele, he concludes that in his final moments of his search for the Ark, he could not judge whether the ark rested inside a nondescript chapel. There is a whole lot of open ended questions that can’t be answered by scholars. A lot of the questions are based on answers that are assumptions and opinions of what probably happened to the Ark. Perhaps Menelik's traveling companions did take it and spirit it home to Ethiopia. The reality of the ark is like a vision which will remain as an old mystery in biblical history


Adams, C. (2001). The Straight Dope: What happened to the Ark of the Covenant?. The Straight Dope - Fighting Ignorance Since 1973. Retrieved June 21, 2010, from

Barrow, M. (2003.). Ark of Covenant Page. Relocate. Retrieved June 21, 2010, from

Biema, D. (2007). A Lead on the Ark of the Covenant - TIME. Breaking News, Analysis, Politics, Blogs, News Photos, Video, Tech Reviews - Retrieved June 21, 2010, from,8599,1715337,00.html

Hahn, S. (2006). Hail, Holy Queen: The Mother of God in the Word of God. New York: Image.

Munro-Hay, S. (2006). The Quest for the Ark of the Covenant: The True History of the Tablets of Moses (New Ed.). New York: I. B. Tauris.

Raffaele, P. (2007). Keepers of the Lost Ark? | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine. History, Travel, Arts, Science, People, Places | Smithsonian Magazine. Retrieved June 21, 2010, from

Richert, B. (n.d.). ethiopia and the ark of the covenant « the audacity of individuality. the audacity of individuality. Retrieved June 22, 2010, from

Ryan, D. (2000). Chapter 11 The Ark of the Covenant . Complete Idiot's Guide to Biblical Mysteries (1 ed., pp. 136-144). New York: Alpha.

Shyovitz, D. (n.d.). The Lost Ark of the Covenant. Jewish Virtual Library - Homepage. Retrieved June 21, 2010, from

Souvay, C. (1907). CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Ark of the Covenant. NEW ADVENT: Home. Retrieved June 21, 2010, from

20 December 2014 In Samples 0 comment

Confidentiality has been defined in The Social Work Dictionary as: A principle of ethics according to which the social worker or other professional may not disclose information about a client without the client's consent. This information includes the identity of the client, content of overt verbalizations, professional opinions about the client, and material from the records. In specific circumstances, social workers and other professionals may be compelled by law to reveal to designated authorities some information (such as threats of violence, commission of crimes, and suspected child abuse) that would be relevant to legal judgments (Barker, 1995).

In the 1996 revision, confidentiality is highlighted in three specific areas of practice: with clients, with colleagues, and in research. In Section 1.07 of the current Social Work Code of Ethics eighteen different categories of responsibility social workers have towards their clients' confidentiality are outlined (NASW, 1996, revised 1999).

            The fact that there are eighteen provisions, more than any other area in the code, demonstrates the importance of confidentiality to the profession of social work. These points specifically address what is considered confidential material, with whom and when that material can be released, and when and how this information should be explained to clients. Specific highlights include:

            Social workers have permission to disclose information only with the proper consent of the client. Social workers should inform clients about confidentiality, and when and to whom disclosure is appropriate. Social workers cannot disclose information to third party payers without consent of the client.     Social workers should not discuss confidential information unless privacy can be assured. Confidentiality should be maintained in a technological office that includes computers, faxes, and cellular phones.

            Exceptions to confidentiality; there are times in the course of the client-worker relationship that the client may voluntarily rescind confidentiality. There are other times where confidentiality is not legally binding on the social worker. These circumstances relate to safety of the client or others.

            Important issues related to confidentiality include client consent, duty to warn, and privileged communication. Consent. There are many times where it would be beneficial for a social worker to talk to others who are involved in the client's life. This might focus on obtaining third party reimbursement, additional history, collateral collaboration, court testimony or sharing information with other service providers. With managed care, clients generally want reassurance that their sessions will be covered, but that only the minimum amount of information is provided to the insurance company (Corcoran & Winslade, 1994). Therefore, clients often allow social workers to release information to insurance providers, including diagnosis and treatment plans, but rely on workers to not divulge every aspect of their drug and/or alcohol use.

            A second occasion when a social worker may seek a client's consent is in pursuing additional history from collateral sources or corroboration of information. This will occur primarily during initial assessment; however, it might take place later during the treatment process. For instance,

when a client is admitted to a psychiatric unit, there may be a need for additional information such as family history of psychiatric disorders or substance abuse, the precipitating event, or the client's current living arrangements. Such additional information, usually provided

by a family member, may be beneficial in making an assessment and verifying a client's information.

Findings of confidentiality in substance abuse counseling are scholarly in that it shows how applying the standard confidentiality rules for basic social work practice is not adequate or acceptable when working with substance abusing clients and may well cause legal and ethical difficulties.

Comparison is most exhibited in the above articles mostly in the way of addressing practitioners know how which is clearly a hindrance in effective counseling. All articles observe reluctance on part of therapists in observing ethics code. Also all three articles address ethical issues in counseling. Furthermore all articles observe the importance of practitioners to observe code of ethics. All three articles support each other.

Information in all the articles can be synthesized in terms of observing substance councelling which is discussed in all the articles. This can address all issues brought forward in addiction councelling. By broadly talking about ethical issues in substance addiction councelling, this will address all concerns.


Barker, R.., Duncan, J. & Lees, A. (1989). Society for the Study of Addiction to Alcohol     and      other Drugs. N.Y: McMillan.

Barbara S. (2005). Substance abuse Treatment, 257

Cohen, A., & Hatherleigh, L. (2000). Directions in Substance Abuse Counseling.California: McGraw.

Kevin, C., William J. (1994). Behave Sci Law Addiction and the law: confidentiality to      disclosure. Oxford: OUP.

Kerry J Breen, Venon P, Stephen C. (1997). Ethics, law and Medical Practice, 367

Marlatt, G A., Baer J. S.,Donvan, D. M., & Kivlahan., D. R. (1988). “Addictive behaviors:           etiology and             treatment.” British journal of addiction, 83 (2), 171-81.

(NASW). (1996, revised 1999). “National Association of Social”. Journal of Addiction and         Offender Counseling. 17(1), 35-42.

Powledge, T. M. (1999).Addiction and the brain”. Bioscience, 49(7), 513-519.

Scott, C.G. (2000). Ethical Issues in Addiction Counseling. University of North Florida.


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